COVID-19 Risk Factors
literature database & meta-analysis

Last update : 2020-08-06 21:54:31 (GMT+2)   |  276 factors investigated   |  1766 estimates included  |  219 articles processed  |  QC progress: 51%

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Green: significant protective factor
Red: significant risk factor
§ adjusted estimate (see article details)
estimated using data reported in the article
Outcome Risk category Risk [exposed vs. unexposed] Risk estimate (95% CI) Author [URL] View QC
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.630 (0.960-2.750) Yang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.790 (1.110-2.880) Ling
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 8.410 (2.960-23.890) Huang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.530 (0.670-3.510) Deng
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.340 (0.410-4.360) Han
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 2.300 (0.750-7.030) Li
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.320 (0.370-4.730) Zhang
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 6.700 (3.830-11.730) Luo
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 4.030 (1.620-10.020) Yang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 3.950 (2.260-6.930) Zhang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 4.080 (1.270-13.100) Wen
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.800 (0.940-3.430) Fu
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.760 (1.110-2.770) Qin
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 3.050 (1.570-5.920) Zhao
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 6.780 (3.260-14.080) Chen
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 6.770 (3.260-14.100) Chen
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.830 (0.560-6.030) Xu
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 4.420 (2.270-8.610) Zhang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 3.530 (2.080-5.990) Guan
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 2.010 (1.350-2.990) Guan
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.080 (0.410-2.870) Xingwei
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 0.850 (0.400-1.800) Wang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.580 (0.930-2.690) Lu
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.640 (0.740-3.650) Liu
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 2.030 (1.360-3.020) Guan
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.750 (0.370-8.360) Yudong
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.140 (0.390-3.350) Xingwei
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Immunocompromised [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 2.887 (2.035-4.097) CDC
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.480 (0.780-2.810) Tian
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 2.560 (1.410-4.650) He
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 2.450 (0.900-6.650) Yang
COVID-19 (death) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 0.740 (0.340-1.590) Liu
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 0.890 (0.330-2.360) Yang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 2.220 (0.890-5.540) Chen
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.330 (0.800-2.200) Feng
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.310 (0.450-3.840) Li
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 2.150 (1.060-4.330) Li
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.480 (0.560-3.880) Tabata
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 3.330 (1.490-7.470) Tan
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 3.440 (1.760-6.740) Zhou
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 0.980 (0.440-2.190) Huang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.790 (0.840-3.850) Deng
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 3.780 (1.120-12.730) Han
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.660 (0.700-3.960) Zeng
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 2.410 (0.870-6.670) Zhang
COVID-19 (death) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.140 (0.320-4.140) Zhang
COVID-19 (death) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.800 (1.070-3.000) Luo
COVID-19 (death) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.630 (1.030-2.570) Luo
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 2.100 (1.040-4.280) Wen
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.680 (0.800-3.540) Yang
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