COVID-19 Risk Factors
literature database & meta-analysis

Last update : 2020-08-06 21:54:31 (GMT+2)   |  276 factors investigated   |  1766 estimates included  |  219 articles processed  |  QC progress: 51%

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Green: significant protective factor
Red: significant risk factor
§ adjusted estimate (see article details)
estimated using data reported in the article
Outcome Risk category Risk [exposed vs. unexposed] Risk estimate (95% CI) Author [URL] View QC
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 5.220 (1.960-13.920) Wang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Comorbidities Hypertension [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.890 (0.910-3.940) Zhang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.950 (1.120-3.390) Ding
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.080 (0.900-1.290) Ding
COVID-19 (death) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 2.380 (1.210-4.710) Sarkar
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.080 (0.410-2.890) Xu
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 2.730 (1.020-7.300) Chen
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 3.430 (1.510-7.790) Wang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Gender [Male vs. Female] Odds ratio: 1.530 (0.780-3.010) Zhang
COVID-19 (severe/critical) Patient characteristics Smoking [Present vs. Not present] Odds ratio: 1.000 (0.400-2.530) Wang
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Chronic respiratory disease [Present vs. Not present] Hazard ratio: 1.100 (0.400-2.500) Tian
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities COPD [Present vs. Not present] Hazard ratio: 1.900 (0.900-3.900) § Tian
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities COPD [Present vs. Not present] Hazard ratio: 2.600 (1.200-5.600) Tian
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Diabetes [Present vs. Not present] Hazard ratio: 1.100 (0.700-1.900) Tian
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Heart disease [Present vs. Not present] Hazard ratio: 3.000 (1.800-5.000) § Tian
COVID-19 (death) Comorbidities Heart disease [Present vs. Not present] Hazard ratio: 4.200 (2.500-7.100) Tian
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